A project to improve the environment and sanitation in HCM City’s District 2 worth more than VNĐ11.13 trillion (US$495 million) is lagging well behind schedule, requiring authorities’ interventions to speed up.
2020’s number fell short of expectation due largely to severe water shortage taking place at large hydropower reservoirs between the fourth quarter of 2019 and the second quarter of 2020, said the Vietnam Forest Protection and Development Fund (VNFF). The shortage affected business performance of hydro power companies.
The draft features three guiding viewpoints, with the first respecting the ecosystem’s natural functioning, proactively adapting to climate change, and considering saltwater and brackish water as development resources.
Around 500 hectares of land in the delta is lost to erosion annually, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
Assessed as a country with diverse wetland ecosystems and 25 areas able to meet the criteria of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, Vietnam ratified and became the 50th signatory to this convention in 1989. It was also the first in Southeast Asia to do so.
The Tra Su cajeput forest covers over 800 hectares in Tinh Bien District, the Mekong Delta province of An Giang, just 150km from Ho Chi Minh City.
According to the latest Global Climate Risk Index report, published in January, Vietnam’s economy is among the most vulnerable in the world to the impacts of climate change.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has changed from a passive to a proactive role in handling environmental issues over the last several years, after the country confronted major challenges brought about by an unsustainable economic growth model and climate change.
It is essential to promote sustainable development of the Mekong Delta in the direction of effectively adapting to climate change, given the region’s strategic position in national socio-economic development and security defence, experts have said.